Diagnostic Pathology volume 13 , Article number: 12 Cite this article. Metrics details. The programmed death receptor 1 PD-1 protein is a cell-surface receptor on certain lymphocytes that, with its ligand programmed death ligand 1 PD-L1 , helps to down-regulate immune responses. However, this new therapeutic approach requires reliable methods for identifying patients whose cancers are particularly likely to respond. Publications that met the predefined inclusion criteria were extracted and key trends summarized. In total, 26 eligible primary studies were identified, all of which reported on the test validation metrics associated with PD-L1 IHC tests in lung cancer, most using immunohistochemistry testing.
Liz Solomon, 19, Latrobe, Pennsylvania. Im a high school student and, unfortunately, Im no good in algebra. All that negative numbers, divisions, and other crazy stuff give me shivers. My mom sees me struggling every week with those topics, and she offered me a compromise. She pays for my tasks to be completed, and I get the list of weekly house choirs done without any conflicts. Quite a win-win deal. Now I get Bs and As in Algebra 101, and my average score is no longer in danger because of those Ds and Cs I used to have.
Social credit: a comprehensive literature review
Credit Scoring Definition
Aim: The aim of this paper is to explore the literature relating to critical care outreach services and the use of early warning scoring systems to detect developing critical illness. Background: Several studies have identified how suboptimal care may contribute to physiological deterioration of patients with major consequences on morbidity, mortality and requirement for intensive care. In a review of adult critical care services, the Department of Health DOH England recommended in that outreach services be established to avert admissions to Intensive Care, to enable discharges and to share critical care skills. The literature review was limited to the past 10 years, and primary research articles of particular relevance were included in the review. The discussion explores the potential contribution of critical care outreach services and early warning scoring systems to the care of patients in acute general wards, including the role that education can have in developing the knowledge base and assessment skills of ward nurses. Conclusion: The paper concludes that further study is required to evaluate the effectiveness of critical care outreach services and early warning scoring systems, and that ward staff need to be educated to identify those patients at risk of developing critical illness.
Creditors —such as banks, financial services institutions, credit bureaus , settlement companies, and credit counselors—may conduct credit reviews. Businesses and individuals must go through a credit review to become eligible for a loan or to pay for goods and services over an extended period. The primary purpose of a credit review in the eyes of creditors is three-fold: 1 to determine if the potential borrower is a good credit risk ; 2 examine a prospective borrower's credit history, and 3 reveal potentially negative data. A credit review is a tool for examining someone's ability to repay a debt.
Credit scoring has been regarded as a core appraisal tool of different institutions during the last few decades, and has been widely investigated in different areas, such as finance and accounting. Different scoring techniques are being used in areas of classification and prediction, where statistical techniques have conventionally been used. Both sophisticated and traditional techniques, as well as performance evaluation criteria are investigated in the literature.