Born in Beirut in , Etel Adnan is a poet, essayist and painter — widely considered to be a creative force of nature. A nomad by birth, her mother was Greek and her father, a high-ranking Ottoman officer, was born in Damascus. The two communicated in Turkish, a language native to neither before moving to Beirut in the newly created Lebanon to live by the sea. A multi-linguist, Adnan spoke Greek and Turkish at home, Arabic on the street, while she spent the formative years of her education attending French schools where she was taught "that Paris was the centre of the universe". Adnan wrote her first poems in French at the age of twenty, in ode to the sun and the sea.
A List of Every Nobel Prize Winner in Literature
Isaac Babel - Wikipedia
His work is noted for its merging of casual anecdotes  and autobiography with intellectual insight. His massive volume Essais contains some of the most influential essays ever written. During his lifetime, Montaigne was admired more as a statesman than as an author. The tendency in his essays to digress into anecdotes and personal ruminations was seen as detrimental to proper style rather than as an innovation, and his declaration that, "I am myself the matter of my book", was viewed by his contemporaries as self-indulgent. In time, however, Montaigne came to be recognized as embodying, perhaps better than any other author of his time, the spirit of freely entertaining doubt that began to emerge at that time. The family was very wealthy; his great-grandfather, Ramon Felipe Eyquem, had made a fortune as a herring merchant and had bought the estate in , thus becoming the Lord of Montaigne. During a great part of Montaigne's life his mother lived near him and even survived him, but is mentioned only twice in his essays.
Thomas Carlyle 4 December — 5 February was a Scottish historian , satirical writer, essayist , translator , philosopher , mathematician , and teacher. In his book On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History , he argued that the actions of the " Great Man " play a key role in history, claiming that "the history of the world is but the biography of great men". Carlyle's Sartor Resartus is a notable philosophical novel. A noted polemicist , Carlyle coined the term " the dismal science " for economics, in his essay " Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question ", which satirically advocated for the reintroduction of slavery to the West Indies to highlight his perceived hypocrisy of British abolitionists' indifference to domestic child-labour and slave-like working conditions in contemporary factories.
These forms and styles are used by a range of authors, including university students and professional essayists. A writer using this rhetorical method must consider the subject. The five-paragraph essay Main article: Five paragraph essay Some students' first exposure to the genre is the five paragraph essay, a highly structured form requiring an introduction presenting the thesis statement; three body paragraphs, each of which presents an idea to support the thesis together with supporting evidence and quotations; and a conclusion, which restates the thesis and summarizes the supporting points. The use of this format is controversial.