By George Huffman. The task of predicting the weather that will be observed at a future time is called weather forecasting. As one of the primary objectives of the science of meteorology, weather forecasting has depended critically on the scientific and technological advances in meteorology that have taken place since the latter half of the 19th century. Historical Background Throughout most of history, forecasting efforts at any given site depended solely on observations that could be made at that site.
Strong Winds in the East; Red Flag Warnings in Northern Plains
meteorology | National Geographic Society
Weather is the day-to-day state of atmosphere and pertains to short term changes in conditions of heat, moisture and air movement. Weather results from processes that attempt to equalise the differences in the distribution of net radiant energy from sun. In other words, the instantaneous state of atmosphere can be called as weather. It is usually expressed as fine, fair, foggy, cloudy, rainy, sunny or windy weather. The process of exchange of heat and moisture between earth and atmosphere over a long period of time month, season, and year related to large areas zone, state, country, continent results in conditions what we call climate. It is aggregate of atmospheric conditions involving heat, moisture and air movement. In other words, the totality of weather over a large area is known as climate.
Weather Systems(2012) by Anathema
Meteorologists use a wide variety of different instruments to measure weather conditions, but many of these instruments fall into relatively common, overarching categories. Thermometers, for instance, come in traditional liquid-in-glass forms and newer electronic forms, but both measure temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit. Other instruments measure aspects of weather like rainfall, pressure, humidity and wind speed. These instruments and measurements allow meteorologists to make predictions on weather conditions in the near future.
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