Courtyards are building elements that originated from the hot dry regions, are amongst the oldest architecture footprint that have been used in buildings by human and now has gained wide acceptance in various parts of the world. The geometry of the courtyard form affects considerably the shadows produced on the building envelope, and consequently the received solar radiations and the cooling and heating loads of the building. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the design of courtyards for the microclimatic enhancement of outdoor spaces. However, there is still little knowledge regarding the thermal performance characteristics of courtyards, particularly in hot and humid climates. This study reviews and evaluates the available literature on courtyards for providing thermally comfortable outdoor spaces and analyse and discuss the results of a simulation study performed according to different design configurations and scenarios of orientations and use of vegetation in an enclosed courtyard space to optimize courtyard orientation and acceptable vegetation densities for maximum thermal comfort.
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How to find a thesis in an article. - zazoom.info
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Show simple item record. Intelligent systems IS are seen as a vital component in improving building performance. The research reported in this thesis explored the potential role of such systems in improving the performance of courtyard house types in Baghdad, Iraq. However, the majority of IS research and development has been on commercial and office buildings, and although there were applications in dwelling houses, their potential benefit for certain house types, for example courtyard houses, has not been well understood. Against the background of the possible refurbishment of the courtyard house, the aim of this research is to explore the potential role of intelligent systems in improving the performance of the courtyard house type in Baghdad, Iraq.
Culture of Vietnam
An eczema-riddled Lower East Side haberdasher, Isaac Markowitz, moves to Israel to repair his broken heart and becomes, much to his own surprise, the assistant to a famous old rabbi who daily dispenses wisdom and soup to the troubled souls who wash up in his courtyard. It is there that he meets the flame-haired Tamar, a newly religious young American hipster on a mission to live a spiritual life with a spiritual man. Into both of their lives comes Mustafa, a devout Muslim, deformed at birth, a janitor who works on the Temple Mount, holy to both Muslims and Jews.