Published on 22 February by Shona McCombes. Revised on 9 June A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources on a specific topic. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. Conducting a literature review involves collecting, evaluating and analysing publications such as books and journal articles that relate to your research question. There are five main steps in the process of writing a literature review:.
Systematic Review Resources: Systematic Review Overview
A step by step guide how to conduct a meta analysis and systematic review
A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. A literature review is a scholarly paper that presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature reviews are secondary sources and do not report new or original experimental work. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals and are not to be confused with book reviews , which may also appear in the same publication. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. A narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader. In such a case, the review usually precedes the methodology and results sections of the work.
Literature reviews and systematic reviews
Freelance biostatistician and public health consultant Kingsley Nanna Ukwaja provides a comprehensive step-by-step guide on how to conduct a meta analysis and systematic review. It involves the systematic identification, selection, synthesis and appraisal of primary research studies in order to develop a high-quality overview of a topic while answering a pre-specified research question. A meta-analysis is an advancement over systematic review and involves the use of mathematical and statistical approaches to summarise the findings of studies used for a systematic review.
Types of articles: A guide for young researchers. Today, young researchers wish to start publishing articles early on in their career. However, they are often unsure of what type of article they wish to write and how to approach this task.