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Urban Sprawl Essay - Words | Bartleby
This erratic city growth is damaging the environment. What can policy makers and governments do to move towards more sustainable cities? However, cities also face major environmental, economic and social challenges, many of which are associated with the fact that urban development has occurred. Urban sprawl, a particular form of development, is often cited as a driver of several of these challenges, including greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, road congestion and lack of affordable housing. On 14 June, Walid Oueslati and Ioannis Tikoudis of the OECD Environment Directorate discussed the state, evolution and implications of urban sprawl, and policy actions to incentivise greener urban development patterns. Watch the video recording. Rethinking Urban Sprawl Moving Towards Sustainable Cities This report provides a new perspective to the nature of urban sprawl and its causes and environmental, social and economic consequences.
The Role of Architecture in Curbing Sprawl and its Effects
Urban sprawl , also called sprawl or suburban sprawl , the rapid expansion of the geographic extent of cities and towns, often characterized by low-density residential housing, single-use zoning , and increased reliance on the private automobile for transportation. Urban sprawl is caused in part by the need to accommodate a rising urban population ; however, in many metropolitan areas it results from a desire for increased living space and other residential amenities. Urban sprawl has been correlated with increased energy use, pollution , and traffic congestion and a decline in community distinctiveness and cohesiveness. During the period of economic prosperity in the United States following the end of World War II , increased manufacturing output and new federal loan programs allowed many American citizens to purchase single-family homes and private automobiles. At the same time, continued road-building projects, most notably the onset of the Interstate Highway System in , and other infrastructure development made it possible to build homes on land that was previously inaccessible.
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