Finding yourself confused by the seemingly endless promotion of weight-loss strategies and diet plans? In this series , we take a look at some popular diets—and review the research behind them. Intermittent fasting is a diet regimen that cycles between brief periods of fasting, with either no food or significant calorie reduction, and periods of unrestricted eating. It is promoted to change body composition through loss of fat mass and weight, and to improve markers of health that are associated with disease such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Its roots derive from traditional fasting, a universal ritual used for health or spiritual benefit as described in early texts by Socrates, Plato, and religious groups.
Parent-child feeding strategies and their relationships to child eating and weight status
Decoupling as a mechanism of change in mindfulness and acceptance: a literature review
Parental feeding styles may promote overeating or overweight in children. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to summarize the associations between parental feeding styles and child eating and weight status. Twenty-two studies were identified. We systematically coded study attributes and outcomes and tested for patterns of association. Studies measuring parental feeding restriction, as opposed to general feeding control or another feeding domain, were more likely to report positive associations with child eating and weight status. Certain associations differed by gender and by outcome measurement e. Parental feeding restriction, but no other feeding domain, was associated with increased child eating and weight status.
Usually, a literature review can be described as an objective, concise, and critical summary of published research literature pertinent to the subject being researched in an article. A literature can be an end in itself an analysis of what is known about a topic or a prologue to and rationale for engaging in primary research. Organize the literature review around key topics of concepts. Use headings or topic sentences to convey your organizational principle. Use a summary to assist the reader to relate every section to the wider topic and to clarify your argument's movement.
A growing body of research within the acceptance and mindfulness-based therapies suggests that these treatments may function in part by reducing or eliminating i. Examples of decoupling effects found in this review include reduced relationships between urges to smoke and smoking behavior, between dysphoric mood and depressive cognitions, and between pain intensity and persistence in a painful task. A literature review identified 44 studies on acceptance and mindfulness that demonstrated decoupling effects.