Tenure is a category of academic appointment existing in some countries. A tenured post is an indefinite academic appointment that can be terminated only for cause or under extraordinary circumstances, such as financial exigency or program discontinuation. Tenure is a means of defending the principle of academic freedom , which holds that it is beneficial for society in the long run if scholars are free to hold and examine a variety of views. Under the tenure systems adopted by many universities and colleges in the United States and Canada, some faculty positions have tenure and some do not. Typical systems such as the widely adopted " Statement of Principles on Academic Freedom and Tenure" of the American Association of University Professors  allow only a limited period to establish a record of published research, ability to attract grant funding, academic visibility , teaching excellence, and administrative or community service.
Improving Tenure Security for the Rural Poor: Rwanda – Country Case Study
Teacher Tenure Case Study - Words | Bartleby
Without legal property rights, most of the residents of those communities were vulnerable to eviction and had access to neither municipal services nor home addresses they could use to obtain cell phone contracts or other basic goods. Lacking both the space to relocate households and the money to build enough new houses, the city partnered with a program called Violence Prevention through Urban Upgrading to pilot an in situ settlement upgrade that allowed people to remain in their homes. The pilot project focused on Monwabisi Park, a community of about 25, on the southeastern edge of Cape Town. Beginning with a full enumeration of land, structures, and occupants, the project helped construct a community register, issue occupancy certificates, and extend electric power throughout the area. By November , the first phase of the project had been completed, and hundreds of residents visited the community registration office every month to update their details.
Teacher Tenure Case Study
Documented as part of the World Bank study Land Policy Reform for Agricultural Transformation in India by NRMC Centre for Land Governance, this series of case studies analyzes recent interventions by government and non-government organizations to secure land tenure rights for poor farmers—especially the landless, tenants and women, resulting in increased access to agricultural land, markets, finance, and services. These seven cases span formal and customary tenure regimes from six states of India, from Kerala in the South to Manipur in North East India. These are summarized as follows:. Looking across the case studies, it is clear that increasingly there are solutions emerging to address the complex nature of developing inclusive and accurate land records.
What is the most effective and efficient approach to achieve improved land and tree tenure? Will improved land tenure or tree documentation motivate farmers to invest in their farms? Recent research on land and tree tenure in Ghana aims to address these questions. Land and tree insecurity in the cocoa sector has been a barrier to the adoption of good agricultural practices and causes deforestation.