In the hothouse atmosphere created by the conflict, attitudes changed faster, tensions festered more quickly and events forced governments and groups to take new positions at an unheard-of pace. The war changed everything. First, there was the military aspect. In , Canada had a tiny standing army, a two-ship navy and no air force.
USSR: The great retreat
Rebuilding the world after the second world war | Second world war | The Guardian
On June 22, , the Third Reich launched its ill-fated invasion of Russia. Hitler regarded the peoples of the Soviet Union to be a subhuman rabble against whom victory was inevitable. But the supposed Untermensch turned out to be ferocious opponents, hardened by decades of deprivation and fueled by an unbending love of country. Among those supercharged patriots were eight hundred thousand women who volunteered for frontline action, in roles such as snipers, machine gunners, and tank drivers.
Rebuilding the world after the second world war
In , Walter Laqueur noted the tendency of German intellectuals in the s to consign the nationalist writers of the Third Reich to oblivion in their determination to reject the Nazi regime itself. True enough, their books are not widely discussed, and they certainly are of no interest to the literary avant-garde, but they have their faithful public, a fact that is usually ignored by the literary critics. A demand for their works nonetheless continued to exist and by their books were widely available again as publishers sought to satisfy the desire of the German public for familiar literature. This chapter will examine their position after the Second World War. After the surviving members of the Munich Consensus presented their campaign for autonomy and control over their own institutions in the Third Reich as evidence that they had not been implicated in the crimes of the Nazi regime.
This article explores how the anticipation, reality, and memory of sacrifice informed experiences and legacies of World War I. Popular accounts of World War I tend to focus on the war as having unexpectedly and irrevocably changed Western society. After a century or more of technological progress and bourgeois triumph, this story goes, the Great Powers lurched into an Armageddon that left no one unscathed. Political institutions and the traditional elites that dominated them remained—with a few notable exceptions—more or less intact. Colonial empires remained the norm for the Great Powers, and a foreign policy aim of newer powers such as Germany , Japan , and the USA.